A. For purposes of this section:
1. “Knowing” and “knowingly” mean that a person, with respect to information:
a. has actual knowledge of the information,
b. acts in deliberate ignorance of the truth or falsity of the information, or
c. acts in reckless disregard of the truth or falsity of the information.
No proof of specific intent to defraud is required; and
2. “Claim” includes any request or demand, whether under a contract or otherwise, for money or property which is made to a contractor, grantee, or other recipient if this state provides any portion of the money or property which is requested or demanded, or if the state will reimburse the contractor, grantee, or other recipient for any portion of the money or property which is requested or demanded.
B. Any person who:
1. Knowingly presents, or causes to be presented, to an officer or employee of the State of Oklahoma, a false or fraudulent claim for payment or approval;
2. Knowingly makes, uses, or causes to be made or used, a false record or statement to get a false or fraudulent claim paid or approved by the state;
3. Conspires to defraud the state by getting a false or fraudulent claim allowed or paid;
4. Has possession, custody, or control of property or money used, or to be used, by the state and, intending to defraud the state or willfully to conceal the property, delivers, or causes to be delivered, less property than the amount for which the person receives a certificate or receipt;
5. Is authorized to make or deliver a document certifying receipt of property used, or to be used, by the state and, intending to defraud the state, makes or delivers the receipt without completely knowing that the information on the receipt is true;
6. Knowingly buys, or receives as a pledge of an obligation or debt, public property from an officer or employee of the state, who lawfully may not sell or pledge the property; or
7. Knowingly makes, uses, or causes to be made or used, a false record or statement to conceal, avoid, or decrease an obligation to pay or transmit money or property to the state,
is liable to the State of Oklahoma for a civil penalty of not less than Five Thousand Dollars ($5,000.00) and not more than Ten Thousand Dollars ($10,000.00), unless a penalty is imposed for the act of that person in violation of this subsection under the federal False Claims Act for the same or a prior action, plus three times the amount of damages which the state sustains because of the act of that person.
C. If the court finds that:
1. The person committing the violation in subsection B of this section furnished officials of this state responsible for investigating false claims violations with all information known to such person about the violation within thirty (30) days after the date on which the defendant first obtained the information;
2. The person fully cooperated with any state investigation of the violation; and
3. At the time the person furnished the state with the information about the violation, no criminal prosecution, civil action, or administrative action had commenced under Title 63 of the Oklahoma Statutes with respect to the violation, and the person did not have actual knowledge of the existence of an investigation into the violation,
the court may assess not less than two times the amount of damages which the state sustains because of the act of the person. A person violating subsection B of this section shall also be liable to this state for the costs of a civil action brought to recover any such penalty or damages.
D. Any information furnished pursuant to subsections A through C of this section shall be exempt from disclosure under the Oklahoma Open Records Act.
E. This section does not apply to claims, records or statements under the Oklahoma Tax Code.
Added by Laws 2007, c. 137, § 2, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.
§ 63-5053.2. Civil actions by Attorney General or individual persons authorized – Complaint procedure.
A. The Attorney General shall diligently investigate a violation under the Oklahoma Medicaid False Claims Act. If the Attorney General finds that a person has violated or is violating the Oklahoma Medicaid False Claims Act, the Attorney General may bring a civil action under this section against the person.
B. 1. A person may bring a civil action for a violation of the Oklahoma Medicaid False Claims Act for the person and for this state. The action shall be brought in the name of the state. The action may be dismissed only if the court and the Attorney General give written consent to the dismissal and state the reasons for consenting.
2. A copy of the complaint and written disclosure of substantially all material evidence and information the person possesses shall be served on the state pursuant to Section 2004 of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes. The complaint shall be filed in camera, shall remain under seal for at least sixty (60) days, and shall not be served on the defendant until the court so orders. The state may elect to intervene and proceed with the action within sixty (60) days after it receives both the complaint and the material evidence and information.
3. The state may, for good cause shown, move the court for extensions of the time during which the complaint remains under seal under paragraph 2 of this subsection. Any such motions may be supported by affidavits or other submissions in camera. The defendant shall not be required to respond to any complaint filed under this section until twenty (20) days after the complaint is unsealed and served upon the defendant pursuant to Section 2004 of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes.
4. Before the expiration of the sixty-day period or any extensions obtained under paragraph 3 of this subsection, the state shall:
a. proceed with the action, in which case the action shall be conducted by the state, or
b. notify the court that it declines to take over the action, in which case the person bringing the action shall have the right to conduct the action.
5. When a person brings an action under this section, under the federal False Claims Act, or under any similar provision of the law of any other state, no person other than the state may intervene or bring a related action based on the facts underlying the pending action.
Added by Laws 2007, c. 137, § 3, eff. Nov. 1, 2007.